In this section, we’ll go through the finer points of staining and painting furniture. Let’s talk about staining first. Unfinished furniture needs to be lightly sanded before applying any stain. This removes any blemishes and gives you a nice surface to work with. Be sure to clean the wood with a nice tack cloth after sanding. Rubber gloves, a stain rag, and clean rags will also be needed.
Start by applying stain to the flat surfaces of you furniture. Working with the grain of the wood, apply stain to the surface and then use your clean rag to blend it into the wood. Continue this until the top section is covered with stain evenly. The legs should be stained one at time; use the same principles here. Add stain to the surface then blend it in with your clean rag. Also hit the side panels and corners. Once the legs are stained, concentrate on drawers, edges, and hard to reach areas.
Once the stain has dried, apply the first coat of semi gloss. You’ll need to spread the varnish on with a clean brush, following the grain of the wood at all times. Allow 24 hours for the varnish to dry, then do a little light sanding. Apply a second coat and then let it dry for 6 to 7 hours.
If you are painting new furniture, you’ll need to sand and wipe clean with a tack cloth. The next step is optional; if want to coat the furniture with primer feel free, if you don’t that’s okay. I like to put a thin layer of paint on and let dry. Then sand with a fine grade of paper and apply a thicker coat of paint.
To refurbish an old piece of furniture, sand the old paint down until the surface is smooth, then paint and let dry before adding another coat. The trick to a high gloss look is directly related to the number of coats of paint you apply; the more the better. Step-by-step guides for staining and painting are available here: http://artsparx.com/b_prepfurn.asp
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